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Activities

Iasi Metropolitan Area Association

Iasi

 

Country:  Romania
City:  Iasi
Number of inhabitants:  290,422 (year 2011)
 Area:  93.9 km2
 Population density:  3,092/km2
   

BASELINE

Iasi is situated in the North-East Region of Romania. It is one of the largest cities in Romania with more than
60,000 students. The number of private cars has increased dramatically in recent years - from 23,000 cars registered in 1990 to 140,898 cars registered in 2015 and this greatly affects environmental quality in the city. If we take into consideration buses, microbuses (1,562) and merchandise vehicles (21,661) we have a total of 164,121 vehicles in Iasi.
Iasi Municipality has an old-established system of public transport with buses and trams. Trams are old and not very convenient and some groups of the citizens do not use them. The total managed parking spaces in the city of Iasi is 4,989. From this total 3,355 parking spaces are on-street and 1,634 are off-street. All on-street parking (on the side of the roads) is free of charge. Regarding the off-street parking, of the 1,634 parking spaces only 596 parking spaces are charged manually by the hour, the remaining 1,038 are free of charge. Of the 1,634 parking spaces off-street 1,173 are in the inner-centre of the city. All the parking is controlled by the City.

 

IMPLEMENTED PUSH-MEASURES

The planned push measure entitled “Introducing the controlled parking area in the inner city” consists of two parts: number of parking lots with parking meters in the inner city and concept of fully controlled parking in the inner city. It was planned to have two off-street car parks with installed parking meters by the end of September 2016.
The second part of the measure - concept of fully controlled parking in the inner city - was officially adopted by the local authorities
along with the approval of the SUMP of Iasi in September 2016.
With regard to the first part of the measure - number of parking lots with parking meters in the inner city- even if the exact date for installation of the parking meters has not been set, it can be reported that the acquisition of parking meters is in progress. However, the acquisition has been delayed because of nonapproved documents that regulate technical details. The measure will be implemented in the future but not within this project’s lifetime.

IMPLEMENTED PULL-MEASURES

  • Implementation of an event called Bicycle Day / Car Free Day (2015).
  • Implementation of an awareness campaign for students on the use of bicycles and sustainable means of transport – 5,000 students were informed about the benefi ts of cycling/walking. As a result of the after-survey there were more pedestrians and less car users in the area.
  • Improvement of the Park & Ride concept in the city of Iasi. 
  • Promoting trams and electric transport. According to the National Institute of Statistics, in 2015 a survey showed that there were 60,576,000 tram users in the City of Iasi, meaning that in one year the number of tram users has increased by almost 10%.

 

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CORE FUNDING MECHANISM

The City of Iasi has recently modernized a large number of parking spaces in Iasi with support from European funding. The contract
between the European Commission and the City says that European money can only be provided in case that the City of Iasi won’t
gain income from parking for at least a 5-year period. This means that the planned core funding mechanism couldn’t be implemented
in Iasi as planned at the start of the project. So far the possibility of a future implementation of a core-funding mechanism for mobility
measures has been discussed with City Hall representatives and also the public opinion about this concept has been explored (only
28% of the interviewed were positive about the implementation of the concept). Even if the public opinion does not support the idea,
the City Hall is open to the implementation of the concept in the future.
An important step towards this goal was including the concept of fully controlled parking in the centre of the city in the Sustainable
Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) of Iasi that was finalised and approved in September 2016.
Another reason why the core-funding mechanism cannot be implemented right now is the lack of sufficient parking revenues. Paid parking (only off-street) represents just a small fraction of all the parking in the city, and even those paid parking spaces are controlled
manually by a city employee only for a certain period of time (from Monday to Friday between 7:00 and 20:00). A department to  manage parking in the city is lacking.

 

HIGHLIGHT

The most successful and rewarding measure was including the concept of fully controlled parking in the inner city into the SUMP of Iasi and getting everyone to approve this concept (city council, public opinion, other organizations involved) along with the SUMP in September 2016. It was a long process and it took many meetings and discussions before the approval.
The awareness and promotion campaigns that were implemented were successful in changing citizens’ opinion and habits of the way they travel in the city. More people have now a positive perception about riding bikes and using trams in the city, and as a result of that, the number of users of public transport and bikes has increased.

 

KEY FINDINGS FROM IMPACT

  • The concept of fully controlled parking in the inner city - was officially adopted by the local authorities along with the approval of the SUMP of Iasi in September 2016;
  • Increase in the number of tram users by almost 10% compared to 2014.
  • Due to the awareness campaign among students about the benefits of cycling/walking the evaluation show an increase of ca. 7% in pedestrian activity. 
  • A new parking lot for bikes in the City Hall’s premises was introduced.

Get the report on implemented measures in Iasi here

Get the Fact Sheet on Parking Space Management in Iasi here

and in Romanian here