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Activities

Municipality of Tarragona

Tarragona

Country:  Katalonien
Provinz:  Tarragona
Number of inhabitants:  133.545 (year 2013)
 Area:  55,03 km2
 Population density:   2.426,77 / km2

 

BASELINE

On the shores of the Mediterranean, located in North-East Spain, former Roman Tarraco offers an important legacy of monuments in addition to the extensive beaches. Its archaeological remains are a World Heritage Site.
The Catalan city.of Tarragona has a population of 130,000 inhabitants and is home to a large port and the Rovira i Virgili University.
Much of its economic activity comes from a large number of chemical industries located to the south of the city. Since the approval of the SUMP in 2012, the Municipality is smoothly and continuously implementing measures to move forward towards a more sustainable mobility system in the city.

 

IMPLEMENTED PULL - MEASURES

The main PUSH measure in Tarragona has been the further extension of the paid parking zone and the introduction of new regulations. On the one hand, regarding the extension of the paid parking zone, there are currently 3 paid parking areas. The first restricted access zone with a mobility plan was implemented in Tarragona in October 2012.
The inner city of Tarragona is composed of the old city, called “Part Alta” (area 2), and the central city, called “Ciutat” (areas 1 and 3). Both quarters include 45% of the population of the city and almost all working, tourist and commercial places, and therefore most of the movements occurring in the city are concentrated in these areas.

On the other hand, there are currently 3 different regulations within the paid parking area of Tarragona:

Green - for residents:
Residents: 0.40 €/day
Non-residents:
Max. stay: 2 hours
- 30 min: 0.75 €
- 1 hour: 1.10 €
- 2 hours: 3.00 €

Orange - long-term parking:
Residents: 0.40 €/day
Non-residents: 2.30 €/day

Blue - short-term parking
Max. stay: 2 hours
30 min.: 0.75 €
1 hour: 1.10 €
2 hours: 3.00 €

The Orange zones have been implemented within the PUSH & PULL project lifetime and are the initial stage of a further development of Park&Ride facilities in the outskirts of the city.

IMPLEMENTED PULL - MEASURES

  • Design and implementation of a new public transport network.
  • New infrastructures to make the public transport network faster and more comfortable for the users (bus lanes, priority traffic light regulation for public transportat some crossroads, protective bollardsfor the bus lanes, etc.).
  • Design and implementation of combinedfares “P&R + BUS”.
  • Run a campaign to promote the use of Park&Ride facilities and Orange Zoneswith combined fares “P&R + BUS”.
  • Implementation of new mechanisms fora better degree of information for publictransport users.
  • Develop a primary pedestrian network, convenient,safe and accessible for walking.

 

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CORE FUNDING MECHANISM


According to the Spanish regulations, Municipalities in Spain have 3 different funding sources: local taxes; budget transfers from
the Spanish or Regional Governments; and, finally, property/capital transfers and public licenses. The overall budget is centralized in the Municipality and then distributed to every Department (Urbanism, Mobility, Tourism, etc.). Therefore, there are some legal  constraints to implement the core funding mechanism at this level. However, Spanish Municipalities can implement the core funding mechanism via their public companies. This alternative has fewer difficulties and legal constraints. Thus, the city of Tarragona is currently implementing the core funding mechanism via the public parking company AMT (“Aparcaments
Municipals de Tarragona”) to fund the public transport operator and to fund some studies on sustainable mobility measures.

 

HIGHLIGHTS

Despite the initial opposition from citizens, the parking management scheme is not anymore a political controversial issue. To achieve this, the Municipality of Tarragona organized over 50 meetings with district councils, citizens and key local stakeholders to raise awareness about the parking management measures. In fact, district representatives are currently asking the Municipality to extend the controlled parking area to all neighbourhoods.

 

KEY FINDINGS FROM IMPACTS:

  • Lower occupancy rate of parking spaces. The average occupancy rate in the areas where the parking management scheme has been implemented is 77%, whereas it reached 99% in 2010 (almost saturated). This has also resulted in less parking search traffic.
  • Lower average parking time. Short-term parking (less than one hour) increased from 17% to 37% while long-term parking (more than 4 hours)kept a steady downward trend (from 31% to 26%).
  • Better use of public space. There are less parking violations (-22%) in the areas where the parking management scheme has been implemented.
  • Better parking turnover. The parking management scheme resulted in areduction in the number of cars that aren’t moved during all day (-55% onaverage) between 2010 and 2014.

Get the report on implemented measures in Tarragona here

Get the Fact Sheet on Parking Space Management and the Implementation of the Core Funding Mechanism in Tarragona here

and in Spanish here